Today we look at two of the substances many of us are concerned about using during pre-conception and pregnancy: Alcohol and Caffeine.
If you are having a hard time giving up your caffeine, read more about consumption levels HERE
Consuming Alcohol during Pregnancy
ACOG (American College of Obstetricians & Gynecologists) & the CDC’s (Center for Disease Control) position on alcohol is:
“There is no known safe amount of alcohol use during pregnancy or while trying to get pregnant. There is also no safe time during pregnancy to drink. All types of alcohol are equally harmful, including all wines and beer. When a pregnant woman drinks alcohol, so does her baby.”
Consuming Caffeine during Pregnancy
"Moderate caffeine consumption (less than 200 mg per day) does not appear to be a major contributing factor in miscarriage or preterm birth. The relationship of caffeine to growth restriction remains undetermined. A final conclusion cannot be made at this time as to whether there is a correlation between high caffeine intake and miscarriage."
According to ACOG, federal government warnings about the need to abstain from alcohol use in pregnancy were first issued in 1984. ACOG has recommended screening for alcohol early in pregnancy since 1977. Drinking or smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of SIDS; also, infants exposed to secondhand smoke are at greater risk for SIDS.8
According to national data collected in 1999 by the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), a telephone survey of the noninstitutionalized U.S. population, 12.8 percent of pregnant women consumed at least one alcoholic drink during the past month, a decrease from 16.3 percent reported in 1995 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC] 2002a).
An intervention for women who drank heavily during their first pregnancy with the intention to reduce the women's drinking during their next pregnancies findings indicate that the brief intervention protected the next pregnancy by reducing alcohol consumption and improving infant outcomes.
Excerpt from ACOG Publication:
"Because caffeine crosses the placenta (1) and increases maternal catecholamine levels, concerns have been raised about a potential relationship between caffeine exposure and the incidence of spontaneous miscarriage. Studies also have investigated whether caffeine contributes to intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR).
Two large studies have [also] been performed to assess the relationship between caffeine intake and preterm birth. A randomized double-blind controlled trial of caffeine reduction in 1,207 women evaluated birth data for 1,153 singleton live births (6). An average intake of 182 mg per day of caffeine did not affect length of gestation. Additionally, a prospective, population-based cohort study conducted by Clausson et al evaluated the effect of caffeine consumption on gestational age at delivery in 873 singleton births (7). Again, no association was found between caffeine and preterm birth. Consequently, it does not appear that moderate caffeine intake is a contributor to preterm birth."
*PROS and CONS
PROS of avoiding alcohol during pregnancy
Alcohol can put your child at risk of:
CONS of avoiding alcohol during pregnancy
PROS of avoiding caffeine during pregnancy
CONS of avoiding caffeine during pregnancy
*Links for more reading
What are your thoughts about caffeine or alcohol use in pregnancy?
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The material included on this site is for informational purposes only.
It is not intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. The reader should always consult her or his healthcare provider to determine the appropriateness of the information for their own situation. Krystyna and Bruss Bowman and Bowman House, LLC accept no liability for the content of this site, or for the consequences of any actions taken on the basis of the information provided. This blog contains information about our classes available in Chandler, AZ and Payson, AZ and is not the official website of The Bradley Method®. The views contained on this blog do not necessarily reflect those of The Bradley Method® or the American Academy of Husband-Coached Childbirth®.